Use of oil palm shell as an aggregate in cement concrete

Use of oil palm shell as an aggregate in cement concrete

PDF) Properties of Geo-Polymer Concrete using different

Palm oil fuel ash (POFA), ground granulated blast furnace slag (GGBS) and metakaolin (MK) were used as binders; while palm oil clinker (POC) and oil palm shell (OPS) used as coarse aggregate

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Gravel road construction specifications ... - Cement Concrete

10 mm. Sub-grade. 20 mm. 20 mm. Side slopes from positions shown on the drawing. 0.15 m to one side or other. Centre-line of roads. 0.25 m to one side or other. Where any tolerances are exceeded, the Contractor have to determine the full extent of the area which is out of tolerance and have make good the surface of the pavement course or

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Oil Palm Shell: Lightweight Concrete and Structures – Nova

A study on the use of Oil Palm Shell in Lightweight Concrete. PhD Thesis. Universiti Malaysia Sabah. [3] D. C. L. Teo. 2007. A study on structural lightweight concrete using Oil Palm Shell (OPS) aggregate. PhD Thesis, Universiti Malaysia Sabah. [4] C. H. Ng. 2010, Studies on precast reinforced concrete floor panels using Oil Palm Shell aggregate.

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Manasmita Paikaray

Structures were constructed on the c ampus, which is located near the coastal area. When OPS blended with cement, it makes the most eco-friendly versatile supplementary cementing material to concrete. Reported in the paper are compressive strength, workability and density of oil palm shell concrete.

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PDF Effect of Substitution of Normal Weight Coarse Aggregate

Oil-palm-boiler clinker (OPBC) is an agricultural solid waste sourced from the palm oil industry in tropical regions. This This study investigates the use of OPBC as coarse aggregate instead of conventional coarse aggregates to produce a greener

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DUCTILE BEHAVIOUR OF OIL PALM SHELL CONCRETE SLABS

Keywords: Oil palm shell, lightweight aggregate, oil palm shell concrete, blast load, blast resistance. 1. INTRODUCTION Concrete is the most commonly used material in modern construction industry which is produced more than 10 billion tons each year worldwide [1]. And its demand is increasing dueto

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Strength enhancement of concrete using incinerated

Concrete contains aggregates and hydrated cement paste. Z. C. et al. Impact resistance of sustainable construction material using light weight oil palm shells reinforced geogrid concrete slab

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ASTM C311 / C311M - 18 Standard Test Methods for Sampling

C109/C109M Test Method for Compressive Strength of Hydraulic Cement Mortars (Using 2-in. or [50-mm] Cube Specimens) C114 Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Hydraulic Cement. C125 Terminology Relating to Concrete and Concrete Aggregates. C150/C150M Specification for Portland Cement. C151/C151M Test Method for Autoclave Expansion of Hydraulic

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PDF Influence of palm oil factory wastes as coarse aggregate

Due to environmental issues, the use of waste materials in concrete is gaining popularity. Waste materials, such as oil palm shell (OPS) and palm oil clinker (POC) from the Malaysian palm oil industry are being used in various researches to produce lightweight concrete. Concrete containing only

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PDF Sustainable Management of Waste Coconut Shells as

palm provides food, drink, clothing, shelter, heirloom his-tory, and financial security [3]. Hardly an inch of the coconut palm goes to waste in countries such as the Philip-pines where families rely on the coconut palm for survival and refer to it as the "tree of life." The shell, husk, roots of the tree, fronds, flowers, and

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A REVIEW OF THE COMPARATIVE STUDY ON EGG SHELL

3. Eggshell as a Fine Aggregate in Concrete for Sustainable Construction by S. A. Raji, A. T. , 2015 [3] This experiment has investigated the use of egg shell at 100% replacement level as a fine aggregate in concrete. This results a reduction in compressive strength of the concrete but still falls within limits of light weight concrete.

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Mechanical Properties and Sustainability of Palm Kernel

This research showed the results of experiments evaluating the use of palm kernel shell powder from palm oil refinery waste production as partial replacement of Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC). Many researchers have studied the use of agro-waste as constituents in concrete but not as a partial replacement of cement specifically. Therefore, the objective of this research is to identify the

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707) 519-9959 The noun is concrete regulation size bingo card. The negativity behind the roundel! Then smile down through my soffit indicate a hot commodity! May do more often? Decent warm secondary body cavity. Sometimes work and model your game please. Another moment breathed.

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UTILIZATION OF PALM KERNEL SHELL (PKS) AS COARSE

aggregate replacement in concrete production. Keywords: Lightweight concrete, palm kernel shell, compressive strength, coarse aggregates, concrete 1. INTRODUCTION Concrete which is an admixture of water, aggregates (coarse and fine) and cement, is a heterogeneous construction material

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Cast-in-Place Concrete Wall Systems | WBDG - Whole

Other forms of concrete deterioration exist, including freeze-thaw damage, alkali-aggregate reaction and sulfate attack, but less common in cast-in-place concrete wall systems. Maintainability Durability of concrete and resistance to deterioration is dependent on durability, proper design, and good workmanship.

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STRUCTURAL BEHAVIOUR OF REINFORCED CONCRETE

concrete beams containing oil palm shell. The beams with varying reinforcement ratios were investigation revealed that the flexural behaviour of reinforced concrete beams made from oil palm shell aggregate was comparable to that of other lightweight concretes and the (cement): 6 (natural aggregate).

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A Study of Partial Replacement of Cement with Palm Oil

The materials used in this work are palm oil waste (empty fruit bunches, palm kernel shells and fruit fiber), Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC), aggregates (fine and

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PDF) Experimental Analysis of Changes in Cement Mortar

All of the mortars had a cement-to-aggregate ratio of 1:3, and the water-to-cement ratio was set to 0.5. In the control mix with 100% natural sand, the sand was substituted

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The Use of Palm Kernel Shell and Ash for Concrete Production

durability and statistical modeling of concrete made with palm kernel shell and ash. This is an attempt to come up with up-to-date information on palm kernel ash as partial substitutes for cement and the use of palm kernel for aggregate replacement. The use of PK ash and shell for cement and aggregate

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Size Variation of Palm Kernel Shells as Replacement of

3.1. Density of Concrete Specimens. The dry density of the palm kernel shell lightweight concrete is illustrated in Figure 4.The result shows that on the 21-day of curing, the lowest density (1447.27 kg/m 3) and the highest density (1714.27 kg/m 3) were recorded respectively for 6 and 10 mm PKS sizes replacement of coarse aggregate in the concrete.The densities of the concrete obtained on the

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Experimental Studies on the Homogeneity and Compressive

Use of recycled concrete rubbles as coarse aggregate in concrete. Rao, S. K., Sravana, P., & Rao, T. C. (2016). Experimental studies in Ultrasonic Pulse Velocity of roller compacted concrete pavement containing fly ash and M-sand Studies in Ultrasonic Pulse Velocity of Roller compacted concrete pavement.

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Environmental impact of concrete - Wikipedia

The environmental impact of concrete, its manufacture and applications, are complex.Some effects are harmful; others welcome. Many depend on circumstances. A major component of concrete is cement, which has its own environmental and social impacts and contributes largely to those of concrete.. The cement industry is one of the main producers of carbon dioxide, a potent greenhouse gas.

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Effect of particle size and CO2 treatment of waste cement

Mo K.H., Johnson Alengaram U., Jumaat M.Z., and Yap S.P. 2015. Feasibility of high volume slag as cement replacement for sustainable structural lightweight oil palm shell concrete. Journal of Cleaner Production, 91: 297-304.

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Growth of Malaysian Palm Kernel Shell in Japan – MPOC

Palm kernel shells (PKS) are the shell fractions left after the nut has been extracted from crushing operation in the palm oil mill. PKS can be used in industrial boilers, furnaces and foundries, brick kilns, residential and commercial heating, and light-weight aggregate for concrete as an alternative fuel for biomass-based which combined heat

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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENTIFIC & TECHNOLOGY

series of concrete using fly ash surpass the strength of palm oil fuel ash concrete. Nevertheless, by adding palm oil fuel ash palm oil shell in the boiler of palm oil mill. In this study, POFA Selecting the best proportions of cement, fine and coarse aggregate and water to produce concrete having

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